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剑桥雅思阅读真题辑 10 TEST TWO PASSAGE 3:Decisions, decisions!

1、

The legend of the Gordian knot is used to illustrate the idea that

 

 

  • anyone can solve a difficult problem
  • difficult problems can have easy solutions
  • the solution to any problem requires a lot of thought
  • people who can solve complex problems make good leaders

2、     The 'conflict model' of decision making proposed by Jams and Mann requires that

 

  • opposing political parties be involved
  • all important facts be considered
  • people be encouraged to have different ideas
  • previous similar situations be thoroughly examined

3、According to recent thinking reinforced by Malcolm Gladwell, the best decisions

  

  • A involve consultation
  • B involve complex thought
  • C are made very quickly
  • D are the most attractive option

4、    Dijksterhuis and his colleagues claim in their article that

 

  • our cognitive resources improve as tasks become more complex
  • conscious decision making is negative affected by task complexity
  • unconscious decision making is a popular approach
  • deliberation without attention defines the way we make decisions

5、  Dijksterhuis's car study found that, in simple tasks, participants

  • A were involved in lengthy discussions
  • B found it impossible to make decisions quickly
  • C were unable to differentiate between the options
  • D could make a better choice when allowed to concentrate

6、

Question 6 - 9

Complete the summary using the list of words  below.

Write the correct letter, A - l, in boxes 6-9 0n your answer sheet.

Dijksterhuis's shopping study and its conclusions

Using clothing and furniture as examples of different types of purchases, Dijksterhuis

questioned shoppers on their satisfaction with what they had bought. People who spent

6............. time buying simple clothing items were more satisfied than those who had

not. However, when buying furniture, shoppers made 7 ................ purchasing

decisions if they didn't think too hard. From this, the researchers concluded that in other

choices, perhaps more important than shopping. 8 ............... decisions are best made

by the unconscious. The writer comments that Dijksterhuis's finding is apparently

9 ............... but nonetheless true.

A more

B  counterintuitive

C simple

D better

E conscious

F obvious

G complex

H less

I worse

6.

7、

8、

9、

 

                                                                                                       i

10、Question 10 - 14                                                         

Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in Reading Passage ?

In boxes 10- 14 0n your answer sheet, write

YES  if the statement agrees with the views of the writer

NO   if the statement contradicts the views of the writer

NOT GIVEN    if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

 

10.Dijksterhuis's findings agree with existing political and management theories.

  • YES
  • NO
  • NOT GIVEN

11、Some political leaders seem to use deliberation without attention when making complex decisions.

  • YES
  • NO
  • NOT GIVEN

12、All political decisions are complex ones.

  • YES
  • NO
  • NOT GIVEN

13、We judge political errors according to our own political beliefs.

  • YES
  • NO
  • NOT GIVEN

14、Social considerations must be taken into account for any examination of decision making to prove useful.

  • YES
  • NO
  • NOT GIVEN